The breakdown of gross domestic product (GDP) by sector illustrates the composition of an economy. In Myanmar, this data is collected by the Ministry of Planning and Finance’s Central Statistical Organization. By comparing GDP across sectors and over time, we can see how the composition of Myanmar’s economy has changed since economic and political reforms began in 2011.
Both the industrial and services sectors have experienced continual growth since 2011. Processing and manufacturing has grown at around 10 percent per year, while electric power has grown at between 5 percent and 15 percent every year.
Construction has also seen a steady upward trajectory, growing at between 8 percent and 16.5 percent each year. Within services, both transportation and communications have grown steadily.
Agriculture is more volatile and has taken
a hit during heavy monsoons and droughts, but within this sector, livestock and
fisheries have performed consistently well.