Agriculture Myanmar

What Grows Where? Agriculture Production by Regions and States

Myanmar’s economy is based on agriculture, which accounts for 26 percent of gross domestic product and 49 percent of employment, according to the World Bank’s 2018 Myanmar Economic Monitor. In fiscal year 2017-18 many farmers switched to growing paddy, responding to rising external demand. Demand notably from China and the European Union, as well as from new markets in Japan, Bangladesh and several countries in Africa led to the highest rice exports in 50 years, the World Bank said.  

Agriculture will continue to be a priority for the government, as per the Myanmar Sustainable Development Plan, in which the government pledges to facilitate growth in the sector by improving access to finance and markets, security of land tenure and access to machinery and technologies.

This will be important in the coming years, as while mechanisation rates are improving, they remain low in comparison to other countries in the region.

As the government prepares to support investment into the agriculture supply chain, this infographic is designed to show investors which products are grown in different areas of the country, highlighting where the opportunities lie.

The Ayeyarwady delta, for example, is known as the country’s rice bowl and 5 million of the country’s 17.7 million acres of paddy are in this region. But did you know that Bago and Sagaing regions are also major rice producers and are home to 3 million acres and 2.1 million acres of paddy respectively?

Other agricultural products are grown only in certain regions. There is no garlic in Ayeyarwardy, for example, but there are 45,000 acres of garlic in Shan. Tea, as you might expect, is almost entirely grown in the highlands, while cotton is concentrated in Bago, Magway, Mandalay and Sagaing.

Data taken from Myanmar Statistical Information Service

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