The Myanmar Living Conditions survey was conducted by the Ministry of Planning and Finance with support from the United Nations Development Programme and the World Bank in 2017 and published in June 2018. It is the first survey to use earlier data to show how living conditions in Myanmar compare geographically and have changed over time.
The results — on people’s jobs, how much they earn and how they use their income to meet food, housing, health, education and other needs — are being used as the baseline for the Myanmar Sustainable Development Plan. They are useful for investors because they highlight the sectors and regions in which there is greatest opportunity.
As this infographic shows, investment into the power sector since 2005 has transformed the way that people in Myanmar live. The expansion of the national grid and the rise of affordable off-grid solar options have contributed to strong growth, almost all of it concentrated in rural areas.
In 2005, 20.3 million people were using candles and kerosene for lighting; this had fallen to about three million in 2017. In the same period, the number of households that used electricity for lighting doubled.
Solar has been a major driver of electricity access. In 2017 just over a quarter of all households used a solar system to light their houses, compared to a baseline of zero in 2009.
42 percent of households are now connected to the national grid; almost double the 22.7 percent in 2005. But this is still the lowest rate in Southeast Asia — in rural areas, 63 percent of households are in villages that have yet to be connected.
Data taken from the Myanmar Living Conditions Survey 2017: Key Indicators Report